By Kazuhiro Kawachi
Read or Download A grammar of Sidaama (Sidamo), a Cushitic language of Ethiopia PDF
Similar grammar books
Decode the secret of English grammar so as to add polish to your papers, emails, enterprise letters, and extra
English Grammar Demystified teaches the basics of the topic in a simple, step by step strategy that lets you study at your individual velocity. With support from this publication, you are going to comprehend the elements of speech, discover ways to use punctuation adequately, grasp verb tenses, spot and steer clear of universal grammatical blunders, and enhance your total sentence structures.
Throughout the e-book you could video display your growth via self-tests, and a finished ultimate examination on the finish of the ebook delivers quick suggestions on new language skills.
What do you get in the event you combine 9 components of speech, one nice author, and beneficiant dashes of perception, humor, and irreverence? One phenomenally wonderful language book.
In his waggish but authoritative publication, Ben Yagoda has controlled to undo the darkish paintings of legions of English lecturers and libraries of dusty grammar texts. no longer in view that college condominium Rock have adjectives, adverbs, articles, conjunctions, interjections, nouns, prepositions, pronouns, and verbs been explored with such infectious exuberance. learn if you happen to seize an Adjective, Kill It and:
Learn find out how to write higher with vintage recommendation from writers akin to Mark Twain (“If you seize an adjective, kill it”), Stephen King (“I think the line to hell is paved with adverbs”), and Gertrude Stein (“Nouns . . . are thoroughly no longer interesting”).
Marvel at how a unmarried observe can shift from adverb (“I did okay”), to adjective (“It was once an ok movie”), to interjection (“Okay! ”), to noun (“I gave my okay”), to verb (“Who okayed this? ”), looking on its use.
Avoid the pretentious preposition at, a favourite of genuine property builders (e. g. , “The Shoppes at White Plains”).
Laugh while Yagoda says he “shall name somebody a dork to the tip of his days” who insists on protecting the excellence among shall and should.
Read, and find a booklet whose popular culture references, funny asides, and bracing doses of discernment and customary feel exhibit Yagoda’s distinctive experience of the “beauty, the enjoyment, the artistry, and the joys of language. ”
The alternation among the auxiliaries BE and feature, which this assortment examines, is frequently mentioned in reference to generative analyses of break up intransitivity. yet this book's objective is to put the phenomenon in a broader context. famous proof within the Romance and Germanic language households are prolonged with facts from lesser studied languages and dialects (Romanian, Paduan), and likewise with experimental and historic information.
This special three-volume 2007 survey brings jointly a staff of major students to discover the syntactic and morphological buildings of the world's languages. sincerely geared up and broad-ranging, it covers subject matters akin to parts-of-speech, passives, complementation, relative clauses, adverbial clauses, inflectional morphology, stressful, element, temper, and diexis.
- Painless Grammar (Barron's Painless Series)
- Basic Grammar and Usage
- The Morphosyntax-Phonology Connection: Locality and Directionality at the Interface
- Crucial Readings in Functional Grammar
- Deutsche Grammatik - Regeln, Normen, Sprachgebrauch (Institut Fur Deutsche Sprache Jahrbuch 2008) (German Edition)
- Adjectives, Number and Interfaces (North-Holland Linguistic Series: Linguistic Variations)
Additional info for A grammar of Sidaama (Sidamo), a Cushitic language of Ethiopia
Railway Main road Zone boundary Region boundary International boundary Secondary town or village Main town or village Returnee transit centre Refugee accomodation Refugee settlement Refugee location # # " " ! Urban refugee location Refugee camp Planned office UNHCR presence UNHCR field office UNHCR sub office UNHCR representation UNHCR regional office Capital y y Qardho Qardho Qardho Qardho Qardho Qardho LEGEND Bossasso Bossasso 10 5 10 10 5 10 555 10 Akaki AkakiBeseka Beseka Beseka Akaki Beseka Akaki Beseka Akaki Akaki Beseka kilometres kilometres kilometres !
5). Some of such words are loan words. 5) murmuraanco ‘gossipper’ alma ‘[name of a Sidaama village]’ t’armuse ‘(AMH) bottle’ furno ‘(Italian) loaf of bread’ mulmu’le ‘[parasitic animal that goes into the mouth of a cow]’ hulma ‘to pound; make a noise that a horse would produce when eating grains’ Although they are very rare, loan words with an obstruent-obstruent sequence and with an obstruent-sonorant sequence may be found in Sidaama. 7). /pp’/, /tt’/, /kk’/, and /cc’/ are the geminates of the ejectives /p’/, /t’/, /k’/, and /c ’/, respectively.
Dand-i-tin-i. ’ wi’l-i-tin-i. ’ 4 According to Ferguson (1976: 68), many Ethiopian languages use epenthesis to avoid clusters of three or more consonants. 1-1PL ass-i-n-u-mmo. ’ fuss-i-n-u-mmo. ’ seekk-i-n-u-mmo. ’ In Sidaama, two different obstruents cannot form a cluster, either. When the /t/initial and /n/-initial suffixes follow a stem ending in a single obstruent (that is preceded by a vowel), another morphophonemic process like metathesis or assimilatory gemination occurs. On the other hand, the middle suffix and the /s/-initial suffixes still use epenthesis for such a stem (the middle suffix is preceded by the epenthetic vowel when the middle form is constructed by adding the middle suffix to the root; as discussed later, the middle may be formed by glottalizing and geminating the root-final consonant).