By Kazuhiro Kawachi

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Additional info for A grammar of Sidaama (Sidamo), a Cushitic language of Ethiopia

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Railway Main road Zone boundary Region boundary International boundary Secondary town or village Main town or village Returnee transit centre Refugee accomodation Refugee settlement Refugee location # # " " ! Urban refugee location Refugee camp Planned office UNHCR presence UNHCR field office UNHCR sub office UNHCR representation UNHCR regional office Capital y y Qardho Qardho Qardho Qardho Qardho Qardho LEGEND Bossasso Bossasso 10 5 10 10 5 10 555 10 Akaki AkakiBeseka Beseka Beseka Akaki Beseka Akaki Beseka Akaki Akaki Beseka kilometres kilometres kilometres !

5). Some of such words are loan words. 5) murmuraanco ‘gossipper’ alma ‘[name of a Sidaama village]’ t’armuse ‘(AMH) bottle’ furno ‘(Italian) loaf of bread’ mulmu’le ‘[parasitic animal that goes into the mouth of a cow]’ hulma ‘to pound; make a noise that a horse would produce when eating grains’ Although they are very rare, loan words with an obstruent-obstruent sequence and with an obstruent-sonorant sequence may be found in Sidaama. 7). /pp’/, /tt’/, /kk’/, and /cc’/ are the geminates of the ejectives /p’/, /t’/, /k’/, and /c ’/, respectively.

Dand-i-tin-i. ’ wi’l-i-tin-i. ’ 4 According to Ferguson (1976: 68), many Ethiopian languages use epenthesis to avoid clusters of three or more consonants. 1-1PL ass-i-n-u-mmo. ’ fuss-i-n-u-mmo. ’ seekk-i-n-u-mmo. ’ In Sidaama, two different obstruents cannot form a cluster, either. When the /t/initial and /n/-initial suffixes follow a stem ending in a single obstruent (that is preceded by a vowel), another morphophonemic process like metathesis or assimilatory gemination occurs. On the other hand, the middle suffix and the /s/-initial suffixes still use epenthesis for such a stem (the middle suffix is preceded by the epenthetic vowel when the middle form is constructed by adding the middle suffix to the root; as discussed later, the middle may be formed by glottalizing and geminating the root-final consonant).

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