By Wallace Chafe

The Seneca language belongs to the Northern Iroquoian department of the Iroquoian language relatives, the place its closest kinfolk are Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and Tuscarora. Seneca holds distinctive typological curiosity due to its excessive measure of polysynthesis and fusion. it really is traditionally vital due to its valuable function within the Longhouse faith and its position within the pioneering linguistic paintings of the nineteenth century missionary Asher Wright. This grammatical description, which include 4 prolonged texts in numerous genres, is the culminatin of Chafe’s long-term research of the language over part a century.

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Extra resources for A Grammar of the Seneca Language

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Shökwa-C 37. hya-C 31a. shesni-C 32a. sheswa-C hake-else sheswë-i shökn-i,e,o shökwë-i hyë-i shesn-i,e,o hy-a,e shöky-a shökw-a,e shesny-a shesw-a,e shöky-o hyay-o sheš-o 47. yök-V,RV,tV,hV 48. yökhi-C,i 49. yesa-C 44a. yetshi-C,i yesë-i yöke-else yökhiy-a,e,o yetshiy-a,e,o yes-a,e yesay-o 45. hök-V,RV,tV,hV höke-else (agent unmarked) 46. hösa-C hösë-i hös-a,e hösay-o 16. (w)ak-V,RV,tV,hV 17. yökni-C 18. yökwa-C 19. sa-C 7a. sni-C 8a. swa-C (w)ake-else yökn-i,e,o yökwë-i së-i sn-i,e,o swë-i No agent [ö]k-V,RV,tV,hV yöky-a yökw-a,e s-a,e,o sny-a sw-a,e yöky-o ts-o [ö]ke-else 1.

Shetwa-C shetwë-i shetw-a,e shety-o 30. hehs-V,RV,tV,hV hehse- 20. ho-C,a,i haw-e ha-o him he 38. shako-C,a,i shakaw-e shaka-o 43. she-C,i shey-a,e,o 22. (ya)ko-C,a,i (ya)kaw-e (ya)ka-o her she them they men 21. hoti-C hon-V them/they it women animals 23. yoti-C 24. yo-C,a,i yon-V yaw-e ya-o 39. hakö-C,i haköy-a,e,o 50. yötat-V,RV,tV,hV 52. höwati-C yötate-else höwën-V 44. yetshi-C,i yetshiy-a,e,o 42. yethi-C,i yethiy-a,e,o 40. khe-C,i khey-a,e,o 41. yakhi-C,i yakhiy-a,e,o 31. shesni-C shesn-i,e,o shesny-a 32.

2. Forms conditioned by the following environment. The final portion of a pronominal prefix varies in ways determined by the initial portion of the base that follows it. 1 refer to these environments as follows. pl) gave it to him’ 35 (*wa’-shakwa-kë’) (*wa’-shakwë-tër’ < *wa’-shakwa-itër’) (*wa’-shakwa-tka’) (*wa’-shaky-ö’) A Grammar of the Seneca Language 4. 1. 3 described the three modal prefixes that occur with the punctual aspect and are positioned before a pronominal prefix. A pronominal prefix may also be preceded by one or more other prefixes from a set labeled prepronominal.

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