By John M. Anderson
This e-book provides an cutting edge conception of syntactic different types and the lexical periods they outline. It revives the normal concept that those are to be amazing notionally (semantically). It enables there to be peripheral participants of a lexical type that can now not evidently comply with the overall definition. the writer proposes a notation in accordance with semantic positive aspects which bills for the syntactic behaviour of periods. The ebook additionally offers a case for contemplating this type - back in quite conventional vein - to be easy to settling on the syntactic constitution of sentences. Syntactic constitution is therefore erected in a really limited type, with no recourse to circulate or empty components.
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Extra info for A notional theory of syntactic categories
Nouns are associated with 'determiner' categories that may not be overtly expressed. And the non-inclusion requirement may not be necessary for the establishment of lexical categories; indeed, it is not clear how it is to be applied in the case of classes, such as the 'adverbs' discussed in the following section, which are categorially complex. 3, though they also have some relevance to the subsection which now follows. 4 & minimal system? 13) represents the minimal system of word classes that needs to be attributed to any language.
G. Hugh Walpole's He was now friend to all the valley (Rogue Herries, part 1, 'Christmas Feast'). This correlates with their non-central status as nouns. In Classical Chinese (Graham 1967), for instance, predications of identity are distinguished by a special copula, chi. English and other languages show a common copula in locational, noun-predicative and identifying sentences; and elsewhere differences in copula correlate with 'aspectual' differences (Anderson 1973a). 91). a. b. c. d. (ii) a. b.
Nouns include N in their specification. But at this point it becomes urgent to introduce an important distinction thus far glossed over. Among the traditional 'naming' words only (proper) names qualify as belonging to a category whose specification contains only N. e. 5) a. Fred is a doctor b. Alphonse est medecin c. O Petros ine 8iki7oros 'A. is a doctor' 'P. 6) a. The man with the shakes is Fred b. 6) is not 'Fred-ness' or 'doctorness' of 'the man with the shakes'; rather, what is predicated is (referential) identity between two arguments, 'the man with the shakes' and 'Fred'/'the doctor'.