By Jon E. Taylor

Over the last century, 3 nationally major histories have vied for house and position in Independence, Missouri. Independence used to be declared Zion through Joseph Smith, served as a meeting and provisioning element for trails west, and was once known as domestic through President Truman for sixty-four years. Taylor has built-in study from newspapers, public records, oral histories, and personal papers to element how the neighborhood has preserved those a number of legacies. He areas the function of protection in Independence not just in the higher context of renovation within the usa but additionally in the context of yankee environmental heritage.

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Additional resources for A President, a Church, and Trails West: Competing Histories in Independence, Missouri

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By July 1874, a little band of reorganizationists had gathered to Independence where they held meetings in the courthouse. The fact that they met in the courthouse seems to suggest the saints had achieved a certain amount of respectability within the community, but as more members returned to the area, 10. For church membership numbers, see Pearl Wilcox, Saints of the Reorganization in Missouri, 12. For the headquarters date, see undated brochure “Auditorium: World Headquarters,” in folder 3 (1984, 1986, 1989–1990, and undated), series 14, Subject file 1967–1997, Barbara Potts Papers, Jackson County Historical Society, Independence (hereafter Potts Papers).

Bodnar, Remaking America, 249 (quote), 113–66. 3. Alfred Runte, National Parks: The American Experience, 170; Kammen, Mystic 4 A President, a Church, and Trails West When the NPS was created, most parks were situated in the West, and few historic sites were part of its system. This all changed in 1933 when Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law the National Historic Sites Act, which paved the way for the NPS to acquire places that were of national significance in American history. More important, the act also allowed the service to gain a national constituency, since many historic site acquisitions were in the East where few national parks were located.

6 Shortly after the group of four hundred released their statement of concerns, confrontation erupted in the streets of Independence between the Mormons and non-Mormons. Two saints were tarred and feathered on the public square. The owner of the Mormon storehouse agreed to close his business. The Mormons retained legal counsel, but their efforts were in vain, and on 31 October 1833, a group of forty or fifty armed men raided a Mormon settlement on the Big Blue, destroyed ten houses, and whipped the male heads of households.

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