By David Purves
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Extra info for A Scots Grammar: Scots Grammar & Usage
It does not have the sense to tell them apart. So by its barking, you cannot know whether a thief is outside or has entered your house at night. It barks on and on because of whisperings from nearby and noises [makelele, Cl. 6] from far away. The result is that you cannot even sleep properly. In examples (a) and (b) “noise” is relatively individuated: in (a) ukelele refers to a single cry made by a single person and in (b) kelele (with singular agreement) refers to a disturbance made by one person who repeats the same utterance twice.
9/10], the skies, heaven is the most used form, and is sometimes used as sing. [emphasis mine, ECM]. In this case we seem to have two singulars (one Cl. 9/10, one Cl. 11) “corresponding” to one plural (Cl. 9/10, diﬀerentiated from singular by agreement pattern). A search through Swahili texts reveals that all of these options are exploited, as shown by the following examples: (6) a. b. c. Shairi la “Maomboloezo ya Mtu Masikini” limejazana tamathali zenye kuonyesha undani wa dhiki za mtu masikini kama vile “panya wa uhitaji”, “simba wa ubeberu”, “matiti ya uwingu wenye ubahili”.
Pulvermüller, Friedemann, Werner Lutzenberger, and Niels Birbaumer. 1995. “Electrocortical Distinction of Vocabulary Types”. 357–370. Reid, Wallis. 1991. Verb and Noun Number in English: A Functional Explanation. London: Longman. ——— and Ricardo Otheguy. Forthcoming. Issues in Neo-Saussurean Linguistics: Advances in Sign-based Approaches to the Study of Language. Under Review. Rudzka-Ostyn, Brygida, ed. 1988. Topics in Cognitive Linguistics. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Sangster, Rodney.