By James W. Redhouse
The Ottoman Language is the main hugely polished department of the nice Turkish tongue, that's spokon, with dialectic diversifications, around the complete breadth, approximately, of the center zone of the continent of Asia, impinging into Europe, even, within the Ottoman provinces, and likewise, in Southern Russia, as much as the frontiers of the outdated nation of Poland. The Ottoman language is, in its grammar and vocabulary, essentially Turkish. It has, although, followed, and maintains increasingly more to undertake, as required, an enormous variety of Arabic, Porsian, and overseas phrases (Greek, Armenian, Slavonic, Hungarian, Italian, French, English, etc.), including using a number of the grammatical principles of the Arabic and Porsian, that are given as Turkish ideas within the following pages, their beginning being in each one case precise. the nice Turkish language, turkje, Ottoman and non-Ottoman, has been classed, through ecu writers as one of many " agglutinative" languages ; no longer inflTable of Contents Preface ; notice on identification of Alphabets xii; bankruptcy I Letters and ORTnooiurnr; part I quantity, Order, Forma, and Names of; Letters 1; Synopsis of Arabic, Greek, and Latin; Letters four; ? II Phonetic Values of Letters, Vowel-Points, Orthographic indicators, Transliteration, Ottoman Euphony 15; bankruptcy IL Ottoman Accidence; part I Nouns noticeable fifty one; ? II Nouns Adjective GS; ? III Numerals seventy four; , IV Pronouns eighty two; vi; desk of contents; part V Demonstratives 8b; ? VI Interrogatives 89; ? VII Relative Pronouns ninety; ? VIIIDerivation of Verbs ninety two; (Table) ninety four; ? IX Conjugation of Verbs ; Moods; Tenses ;; Participles; Verbal Nouns; Gerunds ninety nine; ? X Numbers aiul Tersons one hundred fifteen ? XI complicated different types of Verbs , 119; ? XII First advanced class a hundred and twenty ? XIII moment ? ? one hundred twenty five; ? XIV 3rd ? 129; ? XV mixed (Turkish) Conjugation 133; ? XVI unfavourable and Impotential Conjugations , one hundred thirty five; ? XVII Dubitative, power, and Facile Verbs 141; ? XVII I Verb sizeable one hundred forty four; ?
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Additional info for A Simplified Grammar of the Ottoman-Turkish Language (Classic Reprint)
Turkish historiography commonly describes the increase in spying as a form of mass hysteria; however, it is impossible to attribute the millions of spy reports, sent mostly to the palace, to hysteria. Unfortunately, only a few such reports remain extant. Observing that nearly all civil and military officials, including the eventual heroes of the Young Turk revolution of 1908, had filed such reports, a special commission assigned after the revolution to examine these papers consigned them to destruction.
However, the popular journals of the time were filled with such "scientific" articles,129 and this viewpoint was evident even in works presented to the sultan. "130 20 The Young Turks in Opposition Later, Abdullah Cevdet published "scientific" poems dealing with chemistry, biology, and physiology,131 and launched a new trend in Ottoman poetry which has remained unexamined until now. 134 The role the Royal Medical Academy played through the socialization of its students is noteworthy. 141 However, after his first year, Abdullah Cevdet became an ardent devotee of "scientific" materialist ideas and later published the first journal in the Ottoman Empire openly to criticize Islam.
183 The testimony of a prominent Young Turk describes the prevailing mood of the period: To insist on publishing all the spy reports will not produce pleasant results, because a person who presented a spy report during the inauspicious regime of Hamid was not necessarily an absolute traitor, nor a traitor to the fatherland. Among them was a large number of people who did not know what they were doing. It was as if they were keeping up with the fashion. Those lower-ranking officials who had to submit spy reports did so in order to [protect] their positions.