By Jane Hathaway
This revisionist research reevaluates the origins and origin myths of the Faqaris and Qasimis, rival factions that divided Egyptian society in the course of the 17th and eighteenth centuries, whilst Egypt was once the most important province within the Ottoman Empire. In solution to the long-lasting secret surrounding the factions’ origins, Jane Hathaway locations their emergence in the generalized difficulty that the Ottoman Empire—like a lot of the remainder of the world—suffered throughout the early sleek interval, whereas uncovering a symbiosis among Ottoman Egypt and Yemen that was once severe to their formation. additionally, she scrutinizes the factions’ origin myths, deconstructing their tropes and emblems to bare their connections to a lot older well known narratives. Drawing on parallels from a big selection of cultures, she demonstrates with awesome originality how rituals similar to storytelling and public processions, in addition to determining colours and logos, might serve to augment factional id.
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Extra info for A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen
5 In all these cases, the name of the founding father endured over several generations. Toward the end of the eighteenth century, in contrast, competing members of the Qazda¶lı household formed their own followings, each of which was designated by the name of its immediate patron. 6 Notwithstanding, each of the above-mentioned households and subhouseholds belonged to either the Faqari or Qasimi faction. The Qazda¶lıs were offshoots of the Faqaris; meanwhile, both Çerkes Mehmed Bey and Ismail Bey b.
1739): The people of Egypt from ancient times were in two factions (farqatayn), soldiers and bedouin and peasants (ra˜åya): white flag and red flag. The white was Tubba˜i and the red Kulaybi, Zughbi and Hilali, Qala˘uni and Baybarsi until the administration (dawla) of the House of Osman . . [when they became] Faqari-Sa˜d and Qasimi-Haram. The Faqari loves protégés [jiråqåt, Arabicized plural of Turkish çırak, “apprentice”], and the Qasimi loves building. 2 (2b) Anonymous, Kitåb al-durra al-munƒåna f¥ waqå¥˜ [sic] al-Kinåna (The Book of the Precious Pearl: Events in Egypt [land of the Kinana tribe]): The people of Egypt, beys, aghas, and the seven regiments, were two factions (farqatayn): White Flag from the Yemeni Tubba˜ and Red Flag from Kulayb brother of al-Zir, Sa˜d and Haram, Faqari and Qasimi.
E. that gave definitive shape to Qays and Yemen as distinct factions. On the death of the second Umayyad caliph in 683, the Qays, along with certain Yemeni tribes, supported a Meccan opponent of ˜Ali for caliph; the leader of a collateral branch of the Umayyads ultimately crushed this opponent with the support of the Kalb, a branch of the Yemeni grouping, and their allies. E. and the rise of the assimilationist ˜Abbasid dynasty, the Qays-Yemen rivalry became somewhat more muted, yet it continued unabated in certain regions, notably Egypt and Greater Syria.