By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy
During this quantity major researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its matters contain the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal point; the connection among that means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of alternative subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its targets are to supply a entire imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive houses of adjectives and adverbs, to spotlight the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and precise integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the booklet with an summary of present examine earlier than introducing and contextualizing the remainder chapters. The paintings is aimed toward students and complex scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it's going to additionally entice researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition attracted to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.
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Additional info for Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse
6) a. távò ãàxó xóxó àt`On éhé l´O l´E table big old three dem the pl “these speciﬁc three big old tables” b. àgásá sín f`En ãàxó àt`On éhé l´O l´E crab poss pincer big three dem the pl “these speciﬁc three big crabs’ pincers” Aboh develops a detailed roll-up analysis of the word order here, with the N moving ﬁrst to the left of the adjective, the N–A sequence moving to the left of the Numeral, the N–A–Num sequence moving to the left of the Demonstrative, and the N–A–Num–Dem sequence crossing the plural marker and the article.
42 Adjective position in the decomposition of DP adjective may cooccur with a relative clause, but two adjectives cooccur only if coordinated. 15 Eventually, a language might innovate ways of modifying each layer of the DP, either with specialty inventories of modiﬁcational elements for each layer, or, as in English, with a large class of adjectives being compatible with more than one functional option. The impression of a large class of adjectives comes then from the fact that there are many roots that can be used as adjectives, and from the fact that the functional heads introducing NP, nP, and sortP modiﬁers are not morphologically distinct.
This category will play a role in the discussion in the next section. For present purposes it suﬃces to say that it cannot be higher than unit, nor lower than sort, so if it is a distinct head it must be between the two. 7 Adjective ordering Nearly all languages allow attributive adjectives to modify nouns; in fact, in many languages this is their only or primary function (Dixon 2004a). In some languages, attributive modiﬁcation is limited to a single adjective phrase; additional adjectives must be coordinated, introduced by apposition, or introduced in relative clauses.