By Elez Biberaj

In early 1997, Albania’s transition to democracy suffered a significant setback whilst pyramid schemes sparked violent unrest, plunging the rustic into its worst political and fiscal hindrance because the downfall of communism. The uprisings and next elections, within which the Socialist social gathering received a landslide victory, have made front-page information within the overseas group. And Albania’s proximity to the Yugoslavian melee and historical past of utmost radical communism make it a kingdom to watch.In Albania in Transition, Elez Biberaj presents a accomplished political profile of Albania seeing that 1989. He charts Albania’s transition from one occasion to many, from a command economic climate to a industry economic climate, and its transition to a countrywide safeguard kingdom in an unpredictable, post–Cold battle overseas defense regime.

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AV: Middle and upper middle class; Professional workers not in the top category. Salaried clerical workers such as bank clerks: qualified teachers: owners and managers of large shops: supervisory grades in factories who are not manual workers: farmers, unless their farm is very big when they will be AV +. Many will have a telephone, a car, or employ a 'char'. A person having none of these should not be regarded as AV +. 51 52 AV-: Lower middle and working class; by far the biggest group. Manual workers, shop assistants, cinema attendants, clerks, agents.

By social class we shall in this book mean something entirely subjective, namely the belief which the individual holds concerning his own position in the social class system. By status, we shall mean something entirely objective, namely his relative position in the social class system as determined by certain external  < previous page < previous page page_14 page_140 next page > next page > Page 140 group theory of social classes'. The working-class person is shown to be more Conservative than the middle-class person voting for the same party, in spite of his obvious class interests which according to the theory should pull him in the opposite direction.

50 51 Stagner's experiments are of considerable historical importance and have established a number of conclusions which have been confirmed by later work. The main criticism of his studies must be that they were limited to a very small sector of the whole field of attitudes and that in the absence of the larger view, made possible by more extensive sampling of attitudes, his conclusions remain inevitably somewhat restricted. Hitherto in our discussion of the structure of attitudes, we have only dealt with what are customarily called social attitudes; we have not dealt with certain other concepts which bear some relation to the attitude field, although they customarily go by different names.

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