By George Berkeley

Alciphron, or the Minute thinker (1732) is Berkeley's major paintings of philosophical theology and a very important resource of his perspectives on which means and language. This variation comprises the 4 most vital dialogues and a range of serious essays and commentaries reflecting the reaction of such writers as Hutcheson, Mill and Antony Flew. the one unmarried version presently in print, it argues that Alciphron has a extra very important position either within the Berkeley canon and in early smooth philosophy than is mostly suggestion.

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Ibid. 4; Popkin,‘Robert Darnton’s Alternative’, 105–6, 128. Early Enlightenment 23 are also conspicuously unwieldy—as Braudel notoriously was, for example—in accounting for major political events. ⁵¹ Holberg had a point to which Montesquieu could indeed provide no answer. Doubtless real ‘revolutions’ mostly are caused at least in part by broad social-structural factors. But apparently they do not have to be, if there is powerful external interference, something more obvious in the eighteenth century, perhaps, than it is now.

Early Enlightenment 5 justification command sufficiently wide currency and acceptance, and begin to disintegrate when such general acceptance lapses. Both social realities and ideas, then, have to be kept equally firmly in mind. However, basically the same social inequalities, hierarchy, economic hardship, and political forms which fed social discontent and frustration in the eighteenth century already existed, at least in broad outline and essentials, in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Socially and institutionally, ancien régime society did not change very dramatically between 1650 and 1789.

Stuurman,‘The Canon’, 152; Richter,‘Towards a Lexicon’, 96, 101, 103–6, 117–18. ³⁴ Richter, ‘Towards a Lexicon’, 105–6, 108; Palonen, Quentin Skinner, 65–7, 79; Bevir, ‘Role of Contexts’, 165. ³⁸ In criticizing Cambridge Diskursgeschichte for defining ‘historical context’ too narrowly and showing insufficient concern for social structures and pressures,³⁹ German ‘conceptual history’ here joined forces with the French ‘diffusionists’, as Darnton calls the culturalanthropological tendency preoccupied with popular culture, book and print history, and histoire de mentalités.

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